Here’s is all you need to Know about Allergies and Their Causes
Allergies can make your life uncomfortable. An allergy occurs when your body’s immune system recognizes a specific substance as harmful. This means any time you come into contact with such a substance your body immediately reacts. Such substances are known as allergens. Some allergies are chronic while others are seasonal.
Symptoms of Allergies
Whatever the type of allergy you are suffering from, it is important to get immediate medical attention because they can be fatal. Some of the common symptoms of allergies include sneezing, coughing, skin irritation, watering eyes, conjunctivitis, postnasal drip, facial swelling, wheezing, rashes, and shortness of breath, nausea, abdominal cramps, and lightheadedness among others. It is important to see your doctor if you are regularly developing these symptoms after coming into contact with a particular substance.
Common Types of Allergies
Allergies come in different forms, but the most common include:
Food allergies: These are the most common affecting 4% to 6% of children and 4% of adults. Common foods causing allergies include nuts, soy, wheat, fish, eggs, milk, and tree nuts among others. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), over 50 million people in the U.S suffer from food allergies.
Pollen allergy: This is a seasonal allergy occurring during summer and spring when trees release pollen. It is commonly known as hay fever and is commonly identified through shortness of breath and requires immediate treatment.
Insect allergy: Bees, insects, wasps and hornets cause allergies when they sting a person. Insect sting reactions can be fatal with over 40 deaths reported annually in the U.S. These reactions include pain, redness, swelling, hives, itching and flushing.
Latex allergy: This is a nasty reaction to the proteins contained in natural rubber latex. Products such as gloves, balloons, bandages, rubber balls.
Others include pet allergy, mold allergy, drug allergy, cockroach allergies and dust allergy among others.
Treatment of Allergies
It is important to avoid allergens that cause your allergies. When a person has an allergy attack, treatment will vary depending on the specific allergy. Common treatments include decongestants to allow easier breathing, antihistamines, nasal allergy spray, eye drops, mast cell inhibitors, allergy shots, skin allergy lotions, and Leukotrine inhibitors among others.
If you live with someone who suffers from a particular allergy, it is important to understand what first aid measures should be taken in case of an attack. You must also seek immediate attention from a doctor in case the attack is Anaphylaxis, which can be fatal. Sponsored by magesår, jernmangel, graviditetstest, fertilitetstest.